Transcending Scientific Ambience

Transcending Scientific Ambience

Aug 11, 2015 | Seemadri Subhadarshini

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Scientific research is one of the most exciting and rewarding of occupations. Research is a formalized curiosity. It is to see what everybody else has seen and to think what nobody else has thought. Department of Biotechnology and Medical engineering understands the enormous importance of Research and innovation in the progress of mankind. Thus, it vehemently encourages and promotes research by creating a platform for PhD scholars to exchange new ideas, disseminate information in innovative designs, engineering experiences and technological skills. One can have brilliant ideas, but if he can’t get them across, his ideas won’t get him anywhere.

Currently two PhD scholars Suraj Kumar Nayak and Biswajeet Champaty are carrying out their research under Dr. Kunal Pal, Assistant professor at Department of Biotechnology & Medical Engineering, NITR. 

PhD scholar Suraj Kumar Nayak is working on the development of a wearable intelligent system for monitoring multiple physiological parameters of new- born babies. The patient to healthcare-giver ratio is high in the developed countries. The scenario is much worse in the developing and the under-developed countries. Keeping this is mind, scientists and researchers are looking to device smart and intelligent devices which can help reduce the burden of the healthcare-giver. In his study, he proposes to develop an intelligent clinical condition monitoring unit which will monitor the temperature, dehydration, heart rate, respiration rate and oxygen level of premature newborns. In case of any abnormality, the wearable device will immediate wirelessly trigger a communication protocol integrated with the central monitoring station to automatically send a consolidated report of the patient to the doctor in-charge for immediate intervention. The device can also be made to send the reports at pre-defined intervals. He was awarded with the Best Paper Certificate at the 1st International Conference on “Advancement of Medical Electronics”, jointly organized by Department of Biomedical Engineering and Electronics and Communication Engineering, JIS College of Engineering, West Bengal, India. 

Biswajeet Champaty, best aesthetic presentation awardee of the IEEE International Conference on Emerging Research Areas (AICERA-2014) held at Kerala, India is presently working on Development of EOG based Human Machine Interface Control System for Motorized Wheel Chair. Every person communicates with the environment via their sensory and the motor organs to carry out their day-to-day activities. Any disorder either in the sensory or in the motor organs results in disability. Disability can be mild to severe. The requirements for assistive devices for the mild and severe disabilities are totally different. In mild disabilities, assistive devices help in improving the efficiency of the residual function left in the organ. On the other hand, assistive devices for the severely disabled persons require taking over the activity of the disabled organ. He proposes a human-computer interface (HCI) based novel approach for designing computer-aided control and communication system using residual electrooculogram (EOG) and electromyogram (EMG) signals for the severely disabled persons suffering from diseases like amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), paraplegia, quadriplegia and total body paralysis. The most common reasons for these disabilities may be associated with accidents, strokes or neurodegenerative diseases which affect the motor neurons. The EOG and EMG signals have been used to develop an inexpensive hardware-software system for controlling the activation of communication protocol and attendant-free control of the movement of the atomized wheelchair. Due to multitasking and ease of use of the proposed device, the independence of these differently-able individuals can be improved.

 

Under the able guidance of Dr Pal, these two research students are all set to touch heights of excellence by giving dimensions to their dreams. Hope this inspires all creative minds to come forward and experiment.

 

“Held in the palms of thousands of disgruntled people over the centuries have been ideas worth millions – if they only had taken the first step and then followed through.”      -Robert M. Hayes

Biotechnology and Biomedical Engineering

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