The Elucidating Synopsis: National Workshop on MUMApp
The Department of Computer Science and Engineering hosted the National Workshop on Motion Understanding for Medical Application which was sponsored by the Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi. The workshop saw its inception on 25th of August and ended on 29th of August,2017.The five day workshop aimed at providing the participants a understanding of the recent advancements in human motion analysis and also discuss about bio-mechanics and advanced computational techniques for understanding and modeling of human motion for detection of neuro- musculo- skeletal diseases.
The workshop was garnered with the presence of scientists, professors and researchers from all over India with a prowess in their field of study. The workshop was also attended by students from different parts of the country like IIT BHU, Utkal University, NIT Surathkal, Swami Vivekananda National Institute of Orthopedic Center, Bhubaneswar. The workshop received 61 registrations from NIT-R itself. The participants of the workshop were provided accommodation at the North Block guest house on subject to payment of accommodation and mess charges. The workshop was open for all branches with spot registration facilities were also available. The idea of such a workshop was a brain child of Prof.Anup Nandy of the Department of Computer Science and Engineering.
On asking him how conducting such a workshop struck him, Prof. Nandy was quoted as saying:
While I was doing his PhD on biometric identification; I stumbled upon the idea of implementing these concepts of biometrics into medical development and subsequently sent a proposal to the Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi for acquiring the necessary funds for conduction a workshop .
Here are a few excerpts of the event over the duration of conduct over the 5 days.
The workshop commenced with the inauguration ceremony which took place at 9:30 am. The event was graced with the presence of esteemed dignitaries which included chief guest Dr.Neelesh Kumar, Principal Scientist, Department of Biomedical Instrumentation, CSIR-CSIO (Chandigarh), Convener Prof.Anup Nandy, Director Animesh Biswas, Chairman D.P. Mohapatra, Head of Department of Computer Science, NITR, Co-convener of the workshop Dr. Bidyut Kr Patra and Dr. Sajib Chakraborty who is the Assistant Secretary, Department of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of West Bengal. To begin with there was ‘lighting of the lamp’ ceremony followed by felicitation of the dignitaries of the panel and concluded with short speeches by each of the guests which appropriately put forth the significance of conducting the workshop and the results that are expected to be induced among the participants.
Following the inauguration ceremony was the first sessional talk of the workshop delivered by Prof. Neelesh Kumar. He spoke about myriad topics of research projects being carried out in CSIR-CSIO, Chandigarh. He also threw light upon the different analysis techniques used in GAIT analysis and their applications using EMG. He also gave a small talk about virtual reality exposure therapy in rehabilitation.
Then Prof. Sajib Chakraborty, a medical expert took the stage and brought to light the concepts involved in human locomotion. He even supplemented his talk by a display of artificial bone specimens. His arena of expertise mainly encapsulates working of joints, GAIT analysis and its importance and energy consumption during human locomotion. The third talk was given by Dr. Gentiane Venture ,Associate Professor, TUAT, Japan which were along the lines of physics equations that helped in evaluating robotic motion and mass stability using Anthropometric tables. He also spoke about musculo skeletal model with force feasible set using machine learning that will help in real time analysis. The last talk of the session was given by Prof. Bidyut Patra who talked about data mining, the usage of different terms and coefficients, metrics and the traditional and new classifiers
The session began with the dignitary in the house taking up the stage. Prof. Manish Okade, a faculty of the Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering of NITR spoke about the different parameters of camera motion and image processing. He set the threshold high by introducing the participants to the techniques commonly used for achieving these like SURF, MSER and SIFT. To conclude he talked about his field of research and how he had assisted people who wished to explore higher prospects in this field. Following this was a lab visit to the Bio-Mechanics Lab at the biomedical department under Prof. A.Thirugnanam. The lab was a detailed synopsis about the camera, software, sensors and equipment used for GAIT analysis. The talk by Dr. D.K. Pratihar commenced after the lunch break session at around 2:30pm .He is a professor of the Department of Mechanical Engineering of IIT Kharagpur and is an expert in the field of humanoids. The talk was characterized with the following highlights:
- Description of bipedal robots and the way they function
- Balance mechanism of robots and Ground Force Acts
- Ascending and Descending stairs concept
- Development of Multipedal and 29 degrees of freedom robot
Supplementing his talk he also talked about his field of research work and Ph.D. and shared his experiences about working with Japanese, Koreans and Germans in different parts of the world.
The day commenced with the enlightening lecture by Dr. Subhasis Bhaumik from IIEST Shibpur on GAIT Data Acquisition, Analysis, and Assessment for development of Active Lower Body Exoskeleton and Ankle Foot Prosthesis. He conversed about the need of ankle joint development, use of gears in designing an active foot to minimize torque and reduce energy consumption. He assisted his points with informative videos on various ongoing projects. Dr. Subhasis Bhaumik’s allocution was followed by Prof. Jayanta Mukherjee, Department of CSE, IIT Kharagpur. He chiefly focused on Motion Analysis and its applications. He briefed about the use of image processing to detect the neurological disorders. Dr. Pankaj K. Sa from NIT Rourkela gave the concluding lecture of the third day on the Development of Object Detection and Human Classification in Video Data. He paraphrased about the visual surveillance, detection techniques and faults found in it. His lecture was followed by a practical session on ‘R’ Programming conducted by research students of NIT Rourkela.
The fourth day was set into motion with the lecture of Dr. Prasanna Lenka from NILD Kolkata on Biomechanics of GAIT & Posture and its quantification in Clinical Practice & Disability Rehabilitation. He specified about the parameters taken into account for GAIT analysis, locomotion optimization in various organisms and its implementation. He was followed by Dr. Pavan Chakraborty from IIIT Allahabad, who enlightened the participants with the concepts of Understanding Human Locomotion. He portrayed the need to develop liquids like M.R. Damper to mimic knee joints and the complexity of minimizing GAIT in the human body as it is reflexive. His contribution in this field is immense considering his prerogative ideas which gave rise to the development of tools like HGOD (Human GAIT Oscillation Data), IGOD (Intelligence GAIT Oscillation Data) and V-GAIT (Vision Band). Then Dr. Anup Nandy of NIT Rourkela elucidated on Human GAIT Stability and its Simulations. The day was concluded with a practical session on OPENSIM simulation framework /Matlab programming coordinated by the research scholars of NIT Rourkela.
Dr Trisha Keshar from Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA ushered the conclusive day with his informative and detailed lecture on Innovative Applications of Real Time Biofeedback for Stroke GAIT Rehabilitation. He illustrated the effect of verbal feedback on motor learning during GAIT rehabilitation and also quoted the Real Time Biofeedback: a novel GAIT rehabilitation tool. He was taken over by Dr Korra Sathya Babu and Prof. A. Thirugnanam from NIT Rourkela who focused on Introduction to Feature Selection methods and Fundamentals of Biomechanics respectively.
The five-day workshop ended up with a winsome valedictory function. It was superseded by certificate distribution to the participants as a token of encouragement and to certify their active participation in the event. It was mostly attended by M.Tech students and research scholars and the workshop did not fail to serve its purpose of educating them about the rarely explored concepts of medical disorder diagnosis, orthopaedic and rehabilitation.