The patent system is the most proliﬁc and up-to date source of information on applied technology. Patents contain detailed technical information which often cannot be found anywhere else: up to 80% of current technical knowledge can only be found in patent documents. Patents grant their owner a monopoly over an invention as deﬁned by the “claims”. Publication, presentation and filing a patent are activities that publicize research results and contribute to the society. While filing a patent is expensive and time consuming, it is a shortcut to commercialization and use in the industrial world. Indian researchers generally go for publishing research papers instead of filing Patent applications. Is it the lack of awareness or cost involved the real reason?