The Chronicles Of Higher Education

The Chronicles Of Higher Education

N Manyata Smruti Sudha Biswal | Apr 15, 2019

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The day of orientation at NITR instills a sense of confidence and determination among the freshmen, who can be found bubbling with enthusiasm. There would a buzz around BBA comprising both of parents as well as students deciding upon which company they would prefer to get into and obviously what “package” they would like settle with! Well as the journey kicks off, the freshmen start getting a hint of what their desires are. Often camouflaged under the ranting of “medical and engineering”, the desires and dreams of many of the students find a niche here under the canopy of NITR. Yet a many of them find it quite difficult to shed their inhibitions and venture into the world that awaits them. Through this article we desire to portray another world beyond the horizons of a “conventional engineering college aim”-Higher Education. Many of us seek to quench our thirst for knowledge and by doing so not only do we satisfy our needs but also wish to bring about a change or contribute something vested in the larger interests of mankind and future generations.

Higher education basically embraces courses such as MTech, MS and MBA, the most preferred options by engineering graduates after the completion of their Bachelors. Often students get disillusioned and spend most of their time in sheer dilemma figuring out what they want to do in life. Here in this article we will walk you through the options after BTech and how to get into the desired places.


MTech stands for Master in Technology and is a master’s degree in the field of engineering. MTech is offered by almost all engineering colleges in India. Admission into MTech is offered through GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering).

GATE is organized jointly by IISc Bangalore and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Madras, Roorkee, Kanpur, and Kharagpur) on behalf of the National Coordination Board (NCB-GATE), Department of Higher Education and MHRD, Govt.of India. Students can appear GATE in various subjects such as Engineering, Technology, Architecture and postgraduate subjects in Science. GATE score is generally valid for a period of 3 years.

GATE not only paves a path for higher studies but many PSUs use GATE scores to shortlist candidates for employment in their respective departments. Organizations like BHEL, GAIL, HAL, IOCL, NTPC, etc recruit candidates on the basis of GATE Scores.

Direct recruitment to Group A Level positions in Central Govt. i.e., senior field officer, senior research officer in Cabinet Secretariat, Govt.of India is now being carried out on the basis of GATE Score. GATE exam can be taken by students in their pre-final year or after the completion of their bachelor studies.

Beyond the central system of appearing GATE for admissions into IITs, NITs, IISc, universities conduct their own entrance exams through which students can get admission into MTech.

Team MM conducted a survey and it was found that a meager 11.5% of the NITR population wishes to pursue MTech after their bachelor’s course.

Pursuing MTech after BTech is definitely a welcome option as it will add value to your academic profile as well as education. A candidate with higher educational qualification will always be given preference. While pursuing a master’s course you will be exposed to more of engineering in day-to-day life. Your maneuvered technical skills will keep you at a preferred position than others. This degree will also help you land a good job with a good pay scale which might not be that easy after a BTech degree.


MBA stands for Master in Business administration, one of the most preferred choices by students after BTech. MBA is a highly acclaimed degree designed to develop skills required for careers in business and administration. Owning an MBA degree let you learn skills pertaining to management, organization, and adaptation in diverse business domains. Theoretical as well as practical skills learned in the course of attaining an MBA degree will assist you in tackling real-life business problems and emerging with plausible solutions to those problems. An MBA possesses the capacity to let you tap your highest potential into life-changing opportunities.

MBA is currently the most professional degree recognized in India as well as abroad. Most common MBA specializations offered include:

  1. Accounting
  2. Human Resources
  3. Finance
  4. Marketing
  5. Economics
  6. Business Management
  7. E-Business/E-Commerce
  8. Entrepreneurship
  9. Global Management
  10. Information Systems
  11. Operations Management
  12. Strategic/Risk Management
  13. Technology Management
  14. Leadership Programs

The goal of most business professionals is to obtain a management position, and to effectively manage an organization within a particular industry Management MBAs are designed to help professionals develop their industry expertise in such areas as health care, banking, leadership, hospitality, IT and supply chain.

An MBA gives you recognition and leadership that cannot be earned in the workplace alone. Taking a post graduate level course work in business administration will prepare you to work in a wide range of business organizations, thus expanding your potential and expertise. MBAs are recognized in most countries as respected business credentials, opening up a world of career opportunities for such degree holders.

To get an MBA in the top Business schools of India and abroad various examinations are conducted. Some of them are:


CAT Full Form: Common Admission Test
Conducting Institute: IIMs
CAT Eligibility: 50% in Graduation for General and 45% for Reserved. Final year students can also apply.
CAT Exam Pattern: CAT is an online exam. It has 3 sections with 3 hours of time resulting 60 minutes for each section.
This is the most common MBA entrance exam in INDIA preferred by top b-schools and IIMs.

CAT Exam Syllabus:

  1. Quantitative Ability
  2. Verbal Ability & Reading Comprehension
  3. Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning

CAT official website:


XAT Full Form: Xavier Aptitude Test
Conducting Institute: Xavier School of Management
XAT Eligibility: candidates with any bachelor degree can apply. Final year students can also apply.
XAT Exam Pattern: Now XAT is also an online exam. Exam duration is three and half hours. The exam is divided into two parts. Duration of part 1 is two hours and twenty minutes.
After CAT, XAT MBA entrance exam is the most preferred exam by the Institutions.

XAT Exam Syllabus:

Part I:
1. Quantitative Ability
2. English Language & Logical Reasoning
3. Decision Making
Part II:
1. GK
2. Essay Writing

IIFT Full Form: Indian Institute of Foreign Trade
Conducting Institute: Indian Institute of Foreign Trade
IIFT Eligibility: Any Bachelor Degree holder can apply

IIFT Exam Pattern: The exam duration is 2 hours. It has 4 sections that mean 30 minutes for each section. Total Number of questions varies from 100-140. Questions from Quantitative Ability (20 questions), Data Interpretation (20 questions), and Reading comprehension (16 question) will be awarded 1 mark for each question and 0.75 marks for Analytical & Logical Reasoning (22 questions), Verbal Ability (20 questions). And 0.50 marks for General Awareness (25 questions). ⅓ Mark will be deducted for the wrong answer.


CMAT Full Form: Common Management Admission Test
Conducting Institute: AICTE
CMAT Eligibility: Candidates with any bachelor degree with 50% can apply. Final year students can also apply. For reserved candidates, 45% is required.

CMAT Exam Pattern: Exam duration is 3 hours. It has 100 multiple choice questions divided into 4 sections, resulting in 25 questions each section. For every right answer 4 marks will be awarded and 1 mark will be deducted for every wrong answer. No negative marks for unanswered.

CMAT Exam Syllabus:
1. Logical Reasoning
2. Language Comprehension
3. Quantitative Techniques
4. Data Interpretation
5. General Awareness

While there are other entrance exams conducted by the respective universities, these are the most sought exams for admission into top B-Schools in India.

For an MBA  abroad the two primary exams through which admissions are offered are GRE and GMAT. GMAT is the de facto standard for MBA courses. In addition to GRE and GMAT, English proficiency tests such as TOEFL and IELTS also have to be appeared. These are the two popular tests widely accepted by international business schools.

The Research vs. Job dilemma:

At first students can try to get a flavour of all there is and then decide what interests them, research (industrial/academic) or job rather than jumping to conclusions without any footing. Incoherence between the subjects taught and the job profiles offered. Students study the core subject for four years but then for getting a job at the analytics sector, one has to unlearn everything. Hence an ideal college could introduce subjects to enhance the skills, the job profiles demand, through OE's .Subjects such as the practical aspects of Economics, Data Analytics, Deep learning. These along with the 2 types of internships by students will help them find their calling and also make them more potent for bagging a good job, thus securing them a safe position. The average USA jobs' salary ranges from approximately $28,806 per year for Library Technician to $164,443 per year for Oncologist. If you’re applying for a PhD program abroad, you would generally be funded by the school-which means you get a good enough stipend every month (around 2000-3000 USD, depends on school-to-school) although there are some schools which give out unfunded PhD admits. That amounts to around $36000 USD per year. This leads to a conclusion that even research can also pay you decently, such like the starting years of job along with the freedom to retain your student life. The status quo for higher education in India in the field of research is not very promising. Except for a few of the IITs and IISC, research is not given a primary importance which is why most students end up doing jobs after their Bachelors.

Monday Morning caught up with Anukta Datta, an alumnus of NIT Rourkela from the Department of Chemical engineering who is currently pursuing her Master’s degree from the University of Michigan, US. Back then, she decided not to take a job offer from the campus placement and joined IISc as a Junior Research fellow. During this stint, she worked on a Unilever R&D project which eventually inspired her to pursue a career in industrial research. According to her,

In order to generate interest among the undergraduates for research and higher studies in general, what needs to be done is an active participation from the faculty to inspire the students. A good way to start this is by holding department seminars on a biweekly basis where you can call professors from the different universities (IITs, IISc etc) to talk about their research to enlighten them about the various fields of research. Another way to go about this could be by following a strict honor code policy which requires all students to submit their assignments independently in order to understand the subject matter and develop interest.

As far as the curriculum is concerned, suppose in a Fluid Dynamics class, if the professor is teaching about viscous flows, he can bring about analogies with the kind of research that is already done in viscous flows and the various industrial applications of it. It would also be good to have senior year undergraduate students work as TAs with professors for 2nd and 3rd year courses. It is a good way to make students realise if they want to pursue a career in the academia as professors, lecturers. You could also arrange for workshops with NITR students already studying abroad for MS/PhD.

There is a school of thoughts among the students that only meritorious students with the highest grades can avail the opportunity to undergo higher studies, which often alienates the motivation of rest of the students to ply their trades for higher studies. But there even are instances where students with average grades have pursued higher studies, owing to their thirst for knowledge and steadfastness.

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