Exploring The Future of AI And Image Processing: Professor Dayal R. Parhi
The role of research in an academic institute is significant for its sustainability and development, and it is crucial to have a knowledge-driven growth based on innovation. Research productivity is often considered as a metric for institutional quality and progression; hence it is imperative to have a competent research atmosphere. Proving the potential of the research community of NIT Rourkela this time is Prof. Dayal Ramakrushna Parhi, a Higher Administrative Grade (HAG) professor and researcher at the Department of Mechanical Engineering who recently got featured in the World's Top 2% of Indian Scientists list of Stanford University in the field of Artificial Intelligence and Processing. He is the only researcher from Mechanical Engineering to be featured in the list from various educational institutions of Odisha.
In the list of 1,59,683 researchers published by Stanford University in the open-access science journal PLOS (Public Library of Science), 1492 Indians have made the cut, among whom 6 are from NIT Rourkela. The data from Scopus has been extensively studied by the experts at Stanford University led by Dr John Loannidis to rank the most-cited scientists in every field. The researchers herein have been ranked based on standardised citation indicators which include information on the number of citations, H- index, co-authorship, and a composite indicator.
With more 5000 citations, Prof. D.R.K. Parhi has co-authorised nearly 200 research papers, mainly on topics like Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Mechatronics, Machine design and Vibration. He completed his PhD in Robotics and autonomous systems from Cardiff University, UK. His major contributions are in the subject matter of Robot Navigation, Collision Avoidance, Crack Detection, Rotor System, Cantilever Beams, Path Planning, Artificial Potential Field, Mobile Robots etc. Monday morning had a brief exchange with Prof. D.R.K. Parhi where he discussed his research work, authorized books and publications.
MM: Your research interest lies primarily in the field of 'Robotics and Artificial Intelligence'. What inspired you to get into this field of research?
DRP: From the last 50 to 100 years, Robotics and Artificial intelligence are in the limelight.
AI is a highly useful tool in robotic assembly applications. When combined with advanced vision systems, AI can help with real-time course corrections, which is particularly useful in complex manufacturing sectors like aerospace engineering.
Application of AI helps save certain motions of a robotic system while constantly refining them. The effect that robotics and AI have on the whole society inspires me to be in this research field.
MM: What projects are you part in as of now?
DRP: I have been part of many projects since the year 1997. We in the machine design division, have successfully implemented our projects in various organisations like the Ministry of Education (erstwhile MHRD), BRNS, Naval Base Research Board (NBRB) and many other institutions.
I have been working on various publications and papers as well. Some papers focus on controlling NAO humanoid robot using DAYKUN-BIP Artificial Intelligence technique and mobile robot control using DAYANI Artificial Intelligence in the recent years.
MM: You have more than 62 publications in your name till date. What motivated you to work on such varied topics and how do you approach a topic while researching it?
DRP: I have worked on more than a hundred publications till now.
My publications for the year 2020 include- Improved motion planning of humanoid robots using bacterial foraging optimisation in John Wiley and Sons 2020, Navigational analysis of humanoid using genetic algorithm with vision assistance in Springer 2020 and many more.
The varied comments and suggestions from the scientific community have helped me to approach a topic while researching it. These suggestions help me to pursue my research work more efficiently.
MM: Among all the areas you have researched in, which topic/field do you think has more scope and significance in capturing the imagination of future generations?
DRP: According to the great physician, researcher and scientist Louis Pasteur- “Science knows no country, because knowledge belongs to humanity and is the torch which illuminates the world.” If a person does his research work with full hard work and devotion then it would be beneficial for the society and the humankind. According to me, all sectors and fields are of equal importance and have ample research opportunities.
MM: The US-based Stanford University has recently released a list that represents the top 2% of the most-cited scientists in various disciplines. You have been named in the list in the field of AI and Image Processing. How do you feel to be part of this coveted list?
DRP: Stanford University is a premier educational institution in the world and they have compiled data from various sources to bring out the rankings.
It came as a surprise to me when a colleague made me aware of it. I aim at doing my research work more diligently and in turn, help the society and the humankind. I am really happy that Stanford University has recognised my work and I hope that my research work helps society and I hope I can do more useful research work.
The survey has given the scope to know where I stand in terms of contributing to science in the respective fields and provides me with the motivation to grow in the same.
MM: You have authorised the book "New Strategy for Mobile Robot Navigation Using Fuzzy Logic" in collaboration with B. B. V. L. Deepak. Discuss the research work and experimental analysis that went into it.
DRP: The book which is a part of 'Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing' book series, is an outcome of combined research papers and involves contributions from many researchers along with our experimental findings. It was assembled for the benefit of the AI and robotics enthusiasts and researchers across the globe.
MM: You are a coordinator for the 2nd Innovative Product Design and Intelligent Manufacturing systems: National Conference (IPDIMS 2020), which is scheduled from 2-3 Dec. How do you plan on hosting the event? Put limelight on the essence of such discussion forums for recent inventions.
DRP: The conference has been extended due to unforeseen Covid-19 situation. The date (which will be announced soon) has been deferred to 2021, and it will be held via a virtual model.
This time the forum confines with 8 tropical tracks which revolve around- cost-effective and sustainable design in Aesthetics, Ergonomics, CAD and UI/UX; smart, automated and virtual manufacturing using the knowledge of AI, robotics and mechatronics. These topics are well-balanced in content to create an adequate discussion space for recent inventions. These forums provide a platform to discuss the current issues that are facing in industries and reflect on sustainable design solutions. It also proves to be useful for academics as well as professionals working in industrial design, mechatronics, robotics, and automation as it involves discussion on collaborative ideas from selected research articles.
MM: You have been teaching at this Institute for more than 25 years. How has your teaching experience been so far?
DRP: Teaching is my prime occupation and I regard it at the highest priority of my work. I do take it seriously because I think if I can deliver proper knowledge to my students, they will further distribute it efficiently to other people around the globe. I have enjoyed my time as a faculty here and in my opinion, I have done my work sincerely and with utmost dedication.
MM: Considering your present achievement which would have enhanced your zeal to work harder in the concerned field, how do you plan to move forward in the future in developing your research arena?
My research work will continue in the current field i.e. robotics, AI and machine design, with some advancement. It will be focused on developing algorithms such as DAYKUN-BIP and DAYANI AI techniques for control of various types of mobile robots in the land, water and air and addressing damage detection of various dynamic vibration systems.
Fuzzy Gravitational Search method, Hybrid Genetic Neural Method can be used as a controlling strategy for mobile robots of various kinds subjected to a complex unknown environment. My research work will always tend to the well-being and prosperity of society and for a humanitarian purpose.
MM: What do you feel about the scope of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at NIT Rourkela?
DRP: The Department of Mechanical Engineering is the oldest department of NIT Rourkela. It has enormous opportunities to be at the top in the field of teaching and cutting-edge research.
MM: In your opinion, how are the research facilities in NIT Rourkela?
DRK: Our beloved Director Sir has taken a lot of steps in improving the research environment of NIT Rourkela and now NIT Rourkela has become one of the premier research hubs in the country in various research fields.
MM: What is your final message for the NIT Rourkela students aspiring to achieve a similar feat as yourself?
Prof. Dayal Ramakrushna Parhi:
In my judgement, every human being in this world has enormous potential. Likewise, the students at NIT Rourkela have unbound prospects and possibilities of a promising future. The need is just to recognize that potential and work towards developing it. The students here can top any institutional or organization ranking. They are just limited by the boundaries of their imagination. If they can have a broader outlook and open up themselves to varied thoughts then it's impossible to confine them in the conventional viewpoint.
I would like to give my sincere thanks from the bottom of my heart to Honourable Director, the Monday Morning Team, all the students, working personnel, faculties and staffs of NIT Rourkela for their full support towards my teaching and research career.
Team Monday Morning wishes Professor DRK Parhi all the very best for his future research works and endeavours and hope that he continues to contribute to the scientific community with full dedication as always.