Understanding the Numbers behind NIT Rourkela's Global Rankings

Understanding the Numbers behind NIT Rourkela's Global Rankings

Great content deserves great ranking. 

In today's world, where institutions put their best foot forward to emerge as the best among all, Being victorious not only adds up as a prestigious moment but also attracts a public impression that makes an enormous contribution to an institution's reputation. The ranking system is carried out by several surveys and accreditation, which publish comparative reports on the institute's performance. 

In various recent surveys, NIT Rourkela bagged the first position among all 31 NITs in India. This article focuses on the recent University Rankings, which saw NIT Rourkela top the list. 

QS Asia University Rankings

The QS Asia University Rankings 2021 is one of the most highly esteemed and universally acknowledged surveys conducted by Quacquarelli Symonds Limited for Asia’s best higher education institutions. The rankings for the year 2021 was recently published, which saw The National University of Singapore bagging the continent's best university for a straight 3rd year. Around 100+ institutions from India found their name in the prestigious ranking list.

National Institute of Technology Rourkela too bagged a prestigious 250th rank in the ranking system with an overall score of 21.8. This was the highest score bagged by any NITs. NIT Rourkela was also awarded the rank 29 among all institutions of India.

Although NIT Rourkela has managed to bag the best NIT in those rankings, it is surprising that it has dropped 25 places from 225 to 250 from the previous year rankings. In almost all mentioned criteria, NIT Rourkela has dropped substantial points as well.

Methodology

The QS Asia University Rankings of an institute were based on 11 specific parameters, namely

Academic Reputation (30%)

This is assessed using data from the large global survey of academics conducted by QS each year. The results of this survey make academics identify the leading universities in their subject area. It aims at giving an indication of which universities hold the strongest reputation within the international academic community.

Employer Reputation (20%)

It reflects the importance of employability and employment prospects for today’s university applicants and graduates.

Faculty-student ratio (10%)

This aims to explain how much contact time and academic support students at the institution may expect to receive.

International Research Network (10%)

This indicator assesses the degree of international openness in terms of research collaboration for each evaluated institution and collaborations with other institutions in different world locations. 

Citations per paper (10%) 

It assesses the number of citations per research paper published, aiming to explain the impact each institution’s research is having within the research community.  

Papers per faculty (5%)

This criterion assesses the number of research papers published per faculty member. This indicates the overall research productivity of the university. 

Staff with a PhD (5%)

This complements the faculty/student ratio indicator, aiming to provide proxy measures of an institution’s commitment to high-quality teaching.

Proportion of international faculty (2.5%) 

It assesses how ‘international’ each university is. It provides the proportion of staff and students at the university who are classed as ‘international’.   

Proportion of international students (2.5%)

Proportion of inbound exchange students (2.5%) 

It assesses the relative size of each institution’s inbound and outbound student exchange programs.

Proportion of outbound exchange students (2.5%)

The above-cited Parameters and the given proportion were used to give the final rankings of a particular institution.

The above-cited Parameters and the given proportion were used to give the final rankings of a particular institution.

Performance of NIT Rourkela in these parameters

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Infogram

 

Comparative Performance of other Indian Institutions

Ranking NITR
Infogram

 

Times Higher Education World University Rankings

The Times Higher Education World University Rankings an annual publication of university rankings by Times Higher Education (THE). It includes more than 1,500 universities across 93 countries and regions, making them the largest and most diverse university rankings to date. Around 63 institutions of India were ranked in this prestigious system.

NIT Rourkela was bracketed in the category of rank list 801-1000 with an overall score ranging between 25.1-30.1. This was the highest-ranking attained by any NIT as well.

NIT Rourkela improved as well on the overall score in Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 22.2–28.2.

Methodology

The Times world University Rankings of an institute were based on five specific parameters, namely-

Teaching (the learning environment): (30%)

A conducive teaching environment is always essential for the growth of an institution and this parameter is a reflection of that. The following 5 parameters give a clear idea of the prestige, facilities and resources of the teaching environment in a particular institution.

  • Reputation survey: (15%)

  • staff-to-student ratio: (4.5%)

  • Doctorate-to-bachelor’s ratio: (2.25%)

  • Doctorates-awarded-to-academic-staff ratio: (6%)

  • Institutional income: (2.25%)

Research (volume, income and reputation): (30%)

  • Reputation survey: (18%)

  • Research income:(6%)

  • Research productivity: (6%)

Citations (research influence): (30%)

This parameter aims to explain the impact each institution’s research is having within the research community.  

International outlook (staff, students, research): (7.5%)

It is a parameter that gives a brief idea regarding how the university is competing globally and attracting students and researchers from across the world. It is further subdivided into 3 parameters of equal weightage namely-

  • Proportion of international students: (2.5%)

  • Proportion of international staff: (2.5%)

  • International collaboration: (2.5%)

Industry income (knowledge transfer): (2.5%)

It is a measure of the commercial impact of an institution’s research which in turn is a reflection of the industrial value of the research in an institution.

Times Higher Education Emerging Economies University Rankings

Times Higher Education (THE) too recently released the 2021 edition of the Emerging Economies University Rankings which included 606 universities included in this year’s rankings, up from 533 in 2020.

Just as QS Asia and Times Higher Education Rankings, NIT Rourkela was graded as the best NIT in the nation. NIT was bracketed in the category of 201–250 with an overall score range of 27.0 to 29.1 which was an increase from the previous year rankings.

Methodology

The performance indicators of Times Higher Education Emerging Economies University Rankings are grouped into five areas: Teaching (the learning environment); Research (volume, income and reputation); Citations (research influence); International outlook (staff, students and research); and Industry income (knowledge transfer).

Teaching (the learning environment) – (30%)

  • Reputation survey: (15%)

  • Staff-to-student ratio: (4.5%)

  • Doctorate-to-bachelor’s ratio: (2.25%)

  • Doctorates-awarded-to-academic-staff ratio: (6%)

  • Institutional income: (2.25%)

Research (volume, income and reputation) – (30%)

  • Reputation survey: (18%)

  • Research income: (6%)

  • Research productivity: (6%) 

Citations (research influence) – (20%)

International outlook (staff, students, research) – (10%)

  • Proportion of international students: (3.3%)

  • Proportion of international staff: (3.3%)

  •  International collaboration: (3.4%)

Industry income (knowledge transfer) – (10%)

Performance of NIT Rourkela in these parameters

graph 2
Infogram

The rise in the overall score of NIT Rourkela in the rankings can be attributed to the increase in points obtained in parameters like Industry Income, Research and Teaching.

Comparative Performance with other Indian Institutions

table 1
Infogram

 

Team MM hopes that this analysis provides a better picture of our performance on a global scale and encourages all stakeholders of our Institute to constantly strive for helping NIT-R receive newer heights in the future.

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